Military and Overseas Voters

Military and Overseas Civilian Voting Information

The information is provided to assist New Jersey members of the military or other uniformed services, and civilian voters living overseas to vote.  These voters have several options for voter registration and the means by which they can request and obtain a ballot.  Specifically, these voters can request and return a ballot by electronic transmission (fax or as an email attachment).

Military Voters

A military voter is a voter who is absent from his or her New Jersey residence on Election Day; and is entitled to vote whether he or she is living elsewhere in New Jersey (i.e. a military installation), outside of New Jersey or outside the United States.

A “military voter” includes New Jersey citizens who are members of the Uniformed Services, Merchant Marine, Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

A spouse or dependent of a member of the military or other uniformed services is also considered to be a “military voter”.

Overseas Voters

An “overseas voter” is a voter who is living outside of the United States and who was residing in New Jersey immediately prior to departure.

Note: The overseas voter need not have been registered to vote in New Jersey prior to going outside of the United States, but must have been domiciled in New Jersey and have possessed the qualifications to register and vote in New Jersey.


All military voters and overseas voters must be registered to vote in order to obtain a ballot.

You can request you receive a ballot by air-mail, fax or email.

If you request you receive a ballot by fax, you must provide a telephone number on the application.

If you request you receive a ballot by email, you must provide and email address on the application.

You can complete a federal postcard application (“FPCA”): at the following link 

Click Hear For a Blank Voter Federal Post Card Application (FPCA)

Once the FCPA  form is completed, please email a completed copy to or fax it to the Division of Elections at (201) 369-3473

NOTE: ONLY the federal postcard application can be used for both voter registration and ballot request.


30 days before the election if you wish to register to vote and receive a ballot by air-mail, OR four days before the election if you fax or email it and want to receive ballot by fax or email.


A completed ballot must be sent back to the appropriate county board of election, by 8:00 p.m. election night, which is the time for the close of the polls.

This 8:00 p.m. deadline applies to all ballots, regardless of the method of delivery. Whether you air-mail, fax or email your voted ballot, it must be received by 8:00 p.m. on election night.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BALLOTS RETURNED BY FAX OR EMAIL: The voter who faxes or emails his or her voted ballot, must also air mail the original ballot materials to the county board of election.

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballots (FWAB)

Federal law also provides for the use of a federal write-in ballot for federal elections for use by an overseas voter who makes a timely application for, but who does not receive, his or her state mail-in ballot.

To get a federal mail-in ballot, go to You can email or fax your FWAB to your county board of election. If you fax or email the ballot, you must also sign and send the FWAB cover sheet. This cover sheet must be sent for faxed and emailed ballots because it constitutes a waiver of secrecy for such ballot because the ballot is not being sent in an enclosed envelope, as air-mailed ballots. Be assured however, that election officials are legally obligated to never disclose any one’s vote.

The federal write-in ballot will NOT BE COUNTED if:

  • The ballot is submitted from any location within the United States; or
  • The application of the overseas voter is received by the appropriate state election official less than 30 days before the election; or
  • The state ballot is received by the appropriate state election official by the close of the polls on election night.
  • Note: If the voter submits a federal write-in ballot for the federal general election and later receives the state ballot, he or she may also send in the state ballot (presumably if the voter thinks that the state ballot can be received by the close of the polls) and should indicate that he or she had previously sent in the federal write-in ballot.



Additional Resources